Acne/Pimples & Black Heads

Acne

Are you upset with your pimples problem or do you have friends who have acne whom you wish to help? Here come the general information and advice to help you solve your pimples problem!!!

Pimples is a skin condition in which the pores become blocked, causing pimples to develop. It is the most common skin disorder in Asia, affecting an estimated 85{780c6c79284a0757b883b174af49314eb74697492f65a2eaa91be9b0ff6f2079} of adolescents. It is not life threatening, but it is disfiguring and affecting the social life of some teenagers. Effective acne treatments are available to treat existing pimples and prevent new ones from developing. After the active acne is controlled, cosmetic treatments can help to reduce scarring and changes in skin color (brownish spots) caused by acne.

How Does Acne/Pimples Develop?

There are four basic steps involved in the development of an acne lesion.

1.Hair follicles become blocked with an overabundance of normal skin cells. These cells combine with sebum (an oily substance that lubricates the hair and skin), creating a plug in the follicle.

2.The glands that produce sebum (sebaceous glands) enlarge during adolescence and sebum production increases. Numerous sebaceous glands are found on the face, neck, chest, upper back, and upper arms.

3.The increase in sebum production allows the overgrowth of bacteria.

4.Bacterial overgrowth causes local inflammation, which causes rupture of the follicle. This can lead to the formation of a red or tender pimple.

Pimples Causes

1.Hormonal changes — Hormonal changes during adolescence cause the sebaceous glands to become enlarged and sebum production increases. Acne tends to resolve between ages 30 to 40, although it can persist into or develop for the first time during adulthood. Acne can flare before a woman's menstrual period.

2.External factors — Oil-based cosmetics may contribute to the development of acne. Oils and greases in hair products can also worsen skin lesions. Water-based or "non-comedogenic" products are less likely to worsen acne. People with acne often use soaps and astringents. While these treatments remove sebum from the skin surface, they do not decrease sebum production; frequent or aggressive scrubbing with these agents can actually worsen acne.

3.Diet — There is increasing evidence that diets with a high glycaemic load eg: chocolate, nuts and those containing a large amount of dairy or milk products can aggravate acne.

4.Stress — Psychological stress can probably worsen acne. In several studies of students, acne severity appeared to worsen during times of increased stress especially during school examination.

Most importantly, we would like to know the treatments available for acne:

Acne Treatment

There is no single best treatment for acne, combinations of treatments are recommended. Since acne lesions take at least 8 weeks to mature, you should use a treatment for a minimum of 2-3 months before deciding if the treatment is effective. Don’t easily get disappointed, you will get better if you follow the proper treatment steps.

1. Skin hygiene — Wash your face no more than twice daily using a gentle non-soap facial skin cleanser Vigorous washing or scrubbing can worsen acne and damage the skin's surface. Do not pick or squeeze pimples because this may worsen acne and cause skin swelling and scarring. It can also cause lesions to become infected.

2. Moisturizers — Use of a moisturizer minimizes dryness and skin peeling, which are common side effects of some acne treatments. Moisturizers that are labeled as "non-comedogenic" are less likely to block skin pores.

3. Sun protection — To minimize skin damage from the sun, avoid excessive sun exposure and use a sunscreen.

4. Topical anti-acne cream — It helps to control the infection and inflammation in mild to moderate acne.

5. Oral antibiotics or oil control medication for moderate to severe inflammatory acne —It is useful to control infection and oil production internally.

Once your acne problem is controlled, you need to follow the maintenance therapies. Proper skin care, balanced diet and lifestyle (reduce stress, enough sleep) is needed to keep the acne well controlled.

Good luck and hope this simple tips do help you!

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