Port Wine Stain
A birthmark is a benign irregularity on the skin which is present at birth or appears shortly after birth. They can occur anywhere on the skin.Birthmarks are caused by overgrowth of blood vessels, melanocytes, smooth muscle, fat,fibroblasts, or keratinocytes.
Birthmark can be divided into two types. Pigmented birthmarks caused by excess skin pigment cells include moles, café-au-lait spots, and Mongolian spots. Vascular birthmarks (also called red birthmarks) are caused by increased blood vessels which includemacular stains (salmon patches), hemangiomas, and Port-wine stains.
Most birthmarks are harmless and do not require treatment. Pigmented marks can resolve on their own over time in some cases. Vascular birthmarks may require reduction or removal for cosmetic reasons. Treatments includedermatological lasers to reduce size and/or color, or dermatologic surgery.
Vascular birthmarks may require reduction or removal for cosmetic reasons. Treatments include dermatological lasers to reduce size and color, or dermatologic surgery to reduce the bulk.
Laser options for birthmarks are:
2. CO2 Laser
Café Au Lait Macule