Eczema is a lay man terminology for various inflamed skin conditions. It has different course of disease, either acute or chronic. It is characterized by redness, dryness, extreme itchiness and may end up with scarring, post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation. Approximately 10% - 20% of the world’s population is affected by eczema.
Atopic eczema is the most common type of eczema. It is an inflammation of the skin, which usually starts in early childhood. The severity can range from mild to severe. There is no cure for eczema, but treatment can usually control the symptoms. Factors which may play a role include: changes in climate, pollution, allergies to house dust mite, diet, infections, or other factors. Usually it is not caused by single factor but a combination of different allergen.
Emollients (moisturisers) and anti-inflammatory creams or ointments are the common treatments. About 2 in 3 children with atopic eczema grow out of it by their mid teens. Lifestyle changes and proper diet is the key to successfully control atopic dermatitis.