Psoriasis is a chronic skin disorder that causes areas of thickened, inflamed, red skin, often covered with silvery scales. It is more commonly occurs in adults; however, it can also occur in children. Women and men are equally affected.
Researchers have not identified the exact cause of psoriasis. However, they believe that the disease develops due to a combination of immune, genetic, and environmental factors. There are some common triggers such as cold weather, medications, or stress, although many triggers of psoriasis are unique to an individual.
There are different types of psoriasis:
1. Plaque psoriasis
2. Guttate Psoriasis
3. Pustular Psoriasis
4. Erythroderma Psoriasis
5. Nail Psoriasis
6. Psoriatic arthritis
Psoriasis is not curable but various treatment modalities can be used to alleviate the symptoms and curb the progression of the disease. Treatment depends upon the severity of the disease, the cost and convenience of the treatment, and the patient’s response to the treatment. A combination of therapies is often recommended.
The mainstay of treatments is:
2. Topical anti-inflammatory cream/ oilment
3. Topical Immunomodulator
4. Oral medications
5. Oral supplements